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akkoma/lib/pleroma/reverse_proxy.ex

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Elixir

# Pleroma: A lightweight social networking server
# Copyright © 2017-2021 Pleroma Authors <https://pleroma.social/>
# SPDX-License-Identifier: AGPL-3.0-only
defmodule Pleroma.ReverseProxy do
@range_headers ~w(range if-range)
@keep_req_headers ~w(accept accept-encoding cache-control if-modified-since) ++
~w(if-unmodified-since if-none-match) ++ @range_headers
@resp_cache_headers ~w(etag date last-modified)
@keep_resp_headers @resp_cache_headers ++
~w(content-length content-type content-disposition content-encoding) ++
~w(content-range accept-ranges vary expires)
@default_cache_control_header "public, max-age=1209600"
@valid_resp_codes [200, 206, 304]
@max_read_duration :timer.seconds(30)
@max_body_length :infinity
@failed_request_ttl :timer.seconds(60)
@methods ~w(GET HEAD)
@cachex Pleroma.Config.get([:cachex, :provider], Cachex)
def max_read_duration_default, do: @max_read_duration
def default_cache_control_header, do: @default_cache_control_header
@moduledoc """
A reverse proxy.
Pleroma.ReverseProxy.call(conn, url, options)
It is not meant to be added into a plug pipeline, but to be called from another plug or controller.
Supports `#{inspect(@methods)}` HTTP methods, and only allows `#{inspect(@valid_resp_codes)}` status codes.
Responses are chunked to the client while downloading from the upstream.
Some request / responses headers are preserved:
* request: `#{inspect(@keep_req_headers)}`
* response: `#{inspect(@keep_resp_headers)}`
Options:
* `redirect_on_failure` (default `false`). Redirects the client to the real remote URL if there's any HTTP
errors. Any error during body processing will not be redirected as the response is chunked. This may expose
remote URL, clients IPs, ….
* `max_body_length` (default `#{inspect(@max_body_length)}`): limits the content length to be approximately the
specified length. It is validated with the `content-length` header and also verified when proxying.
* `max_read_duration` (default `#{inspect(@max_read_duration)}` ms): the total time the connection is allowed to
read from the remote upstream.
* `failed_request_ttl` (default `#{inspect(@failed_request_ttl)}` ms): the time the failed request is cached and cannot be retried.
* `inline_content_types`:
* `true` will not alter `content-disposition` (up to the upstream),
* `false` will add `content-disposition: attachment` to any request,
* a list of whitelisted content types
* `req_headers`, `resp_headers` additional headers.
"""
@inline_content_types [
"image/gif",
"image/jpeg",
"image/jpg",
"image/png",
"image/svg+xml",
"audio/mpeg",
"audio/mp3",
"video/webm",
"video/mp4",
"video/quicktime"
]
require Logger
import Plug.Conn
@type option() ::
{:max_read_duration, :timer.time() | :infinity}
| {:max_body_length, non_neg_integer() | :infinity}
| {:failed_request_ttl, :timer.time() | :infinity}
| {:http, []}
| {:req_headers, [{String.t(), String.t()}]}
| {:resp_headers, [{String.t(), String.t()}]}
| {:inline_content_types, boolean() | [String.t()]}
| {:redirect_on_failure, boolean()}
@spec call(Plug.Conn.t(), url :: String.t(), [option()]) :: Plug.Conn.t()
def call(_conn, _url, _opts \\ [])
def call(conn = %{method: method}, url, opts) when method in @methods do
client_opts = Keyword.get(opts, :http, [])
req_headers = build_req_headers(conn.req_headers, opts)
opts =
if filename = Pleroma.Web.MediaProxy.filename(url) do
Keyword.put_new(opts, :attachment_name, filename)
else
opts
end
with {:ok, nil} <- @cachex.get(:failed_proxy_url_cache, url),
{:ok, status, headers, body} <- request(method, url, req_headers, client_opts),
:ok <-
header_length_constraint(
headers,
Keyword.get(opts, :max_body_length, @max_body_length)
) do
conn
|> put_private(:proxied_url, url)
|> response(body, status, headers, opts)
else
{:ok, true} ->
conn
|> put_private(:proxied_url, url)
|> error_or_redirect(500, "Request failed", opts)
|> halt()
{:ok, status, headers} ->
conn
|> put_private(:proxied_url, url)
|> head_response(status, headers, opts)
|> halt()
{:error, {:invalid_http_response, status}} ->
Logger.error(
"#{__MODULE__}: request to #{inspect(url)} failed with HTTP status #{status}"
)
track_failed_url(url, status, opts)
conn
|> put_private(:proxied_url, url)
|> error_or_redirect(
status,
"Request failed: " <> Plug.Conn.Status.reason_phrase(status),
opts
)
|> halt()
{:error, error} ->
Logger.error("#{__MODULE__}: request to #{inspect(url)} failed: #{inspect(error)}")
track_failed_url(url, error, opts)
conn
|> put_private(:proxied_url, url)
|> error_or_redirect(500, "Request failed", opts)
|> halt()
end
end
def call(conn, _, _) do
conn
|> send_resp(400, Plug.Conn.Status.reason_phrase(400))
|> halt()
end
defp request(method, url, headers, opts) do
Logger.debug("#{__MODULE__} #{method} #{url} #{inspect(headers)}")
method = method |> String.downcase() |> String.to_existing_atom()
opts = opts ++ [receive_timeout: @max_read_duration]
case Pleroma.HTTP.request(method, url, "", headers, opts) do
{:ok, %Tesla.Env{status: status, headers: headers, body: body}}
when status in @valid_resp_codes ->
{:ok, status, downcase_headers(headers), body}
{:ok, %Tesla.Env{status: status, headers: headers}} when status in @valid_resp_codes ->
{:ok, status, downcase_headers(headers)}
{:ok, %Tesla.Env{status: status}} ->
{:error, {:invalid_http_response, status}}
{:error, error} ->
{:error, error}
end
end
defp response(conn, body, status, headers, opts) do
Logger.debug("#{__MODULE__} #{status} #{conn.private[:proxied_url]} #{inspect(headers)}")
conn
|> put_resp_headers(build_resp_headers(headers, opts))
|> send_resp(status, body)
end
defp head_response(conn, status, headers, opts) do
Logger.debug("#{__MODULE__} #{status} #{conn.private[:proxied_url]} #{inspect(headers)}")
conn
|> put_resp_headers(build_resp_headers(headers, opts))
|> send_resp(status, "")
end
defp error_or_redirect(conn, status, body, opts) do
if Keyword.get(opts, :redirect_on_failure, false) do
conn
|> Phoenix.Controller.redirect(external: conn.private[:proxied_url])
|> halt()
else
conn
|> send_resp(status, body)
|> halt
end
end
defp downcase_headers(headers) do
Enum.map(headers, fn {k, v} ->
{String.downcase(k), v}
end)
end
defp get_content_type(headers) do
{_, content_type} =
List.keyfind(headers, "content-type", 0, {"content-type", "application/octet-stream"})
[content_type | _] = String.split(content_type, ";")
content_type
end
defp put_resp_headers(conn, headers) do
Enum.reduce(headers, conn, fn {k, v}, conn ->
put_resp_header(conn, k, v)
end)
end
defp build_req_headers(headers, opts) do
headers
|> downcase_headers()
|> Enum.filter(fn {k, _} -> k in @keep_req_headers end)
|> build_req_range_or_encoding_header(opts)
|> Keyword.merge(Keyword.get(opts, :req_headers, []))
end
# Disable content-encoding if any @range_headers are requested (see #1823).
defp build_req_range_or_encoding_header(headers, _opts) do
range? = Enum.any?(headers, fn {header, _} -> Enum.member?(@range_headers, header) end)
if range? && List.keymember?(headers, "accept-encoding", 0) do
List.keydelete(headers, "accept-encoding", 0)
else
headers
end
end
defp build_resp_headers(headers, opts) do
headers
|> Enum.filter(fn {k, _} -> k in @keep_resp_headers end)
|> build_resp_cache_headers(opts)
|> build_resp_content_disposition_header(opts)
|> build_csp_headers()
|> Keyword.merge(Keyword.get(opts, :resp_headers, []))
end
defp build_resp_cache_headers(headers, _opts) do
has_cache? = Enum.any?(headers, fn {k, _} -> k in @resp_cache_headers end)
cond do
has_cache? ->
# There's caching header present but no cache-control -- we need to set our own
# as Plug defaults to "max-age=0, private, must-revalidate"
List.keystore(
headers,
"cache-control",
0,
{"cache-control", @default_cache_control_header}
)
true ->
List.keystore(
headers,
"cache-control",
0,
{"cache-control", @default_cache_control_header}
)
end
end
defp build_resp_content_disposition_header(headers, opts) do
opt = Keyword.get(opts, :inline_content_types, @inline_content_types)
content_type = get_content_type(headers)
attachment? =
cond do
is_list(opt) && !Enum.member?(opt, content_type) -> true
opt == false -> true
true -> false
end
if attachment? do
name =
try do
{{"content-disposition", content_disposition_string}, _} =
List.keytake(headers, "content-disposition", 0)
[name | _] =
Regex.run(
~r/filename="((?:[^"\\]|\\.)*)"/u,
content_disposition_string || "",
capture: :all_but_first
)
name
rescue
MatchError -> Keyword.get(opts, :attachment_name, "attachment")
end
disposition = "attachment; filename=\"#{name}\""
List.keystore(headers, "content-disposition", 0, {"content-disposition", disposition})
else
headers
end
end
defp build_csp_headers(headers) do
List.keystore(headers, "content-security-policy", 0, {"content-security-policy", "sandbox"})
end
defp header_length_constraint(headers, limit) when is_integer(limit) and limit > 0 do
with {_, size} <- List.keyfind(headers, "content-length", 0),
{size, _} <- Integer.parse(size),
true <- size <= limit do
:ok
else
false ->
{:error, :body_too_large}
_ ->
:ok
end
end
defp header_length_constraint(_, _), do: :ok
defp track_failed_url(url, error, opts) do
ttl =
unless error in [:body_too_large, 400, 204] do
Keyword.get(opts, :failed_request_ttl, @failed_request_ttl)
else
nil
end
@cachex.put(:failed_proxy_url_cache, url, true, ttl: ttl)
end
end